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Designing clothes is not a simple task but the genuine is the execution of the entire plan to bring out an idealized dress. Stitching is the foremost pivotal task while making any clothe because whatever fabric quality you use if the stitching is not done perfectly it will conclusion up looking like a fashion catastrophe. While buying clothes the common customers take note of a few more self-evident highlights, like button, texture sort (fabric), and obviously design. But generally stitching is unpretentious above all.
A Stitch could be a single turn or loop of string. Stitches are the basic components of sewing, weaving, and embroidery, etc. whether by hand or by machine (sewing machine). Assortments of stitches with different names are utilized for particular purposes.
Machine Sewing Stitches
A Sewing machine Stitch is made by a thread and threaded sewing needle with fabric or calfskin (leather). They are of different types:
- Lock Stitch
- Chain Stitch
- Straight Stitch
- Zigzag Stitch
- Back Stitch
- Satin Stitch
It is the foremost common mechanical stitch by a sewing machine. The term single-needle stitching frequently found on dress shirt names, alludes to lockstitch. Two threads or stitches are connected firmly to form a lock stitch. It is named “lock stitch” because of the lock between upper and lower threads.
- Widest applications in the sewing industry.
- Shaped by two diverse string system
- In sewing methods, needle string is entwining with bobbin thread
- Same appearance on face and back.
- Stitch is different to unpick
- More grounded (strongest) stitch.
- Much cheaper
- More available of a service
- Less thread usage
- Seam strength on lower and upper side is same.
- It is aesthetically more unnatural.
- Less engaging to a few due to weaker “roping effect”.
- Lower efficiency owing to bobbing changing.
It is a sewing and weaving strategy in which an arrangement of looped stitches forms a chain-like pattern. Chain stitch is an ornamental loop embroided stitch. It is well known basic crochet stitch to form garments for winter.
- It is an ancient craft.
- Used for inseam and side seams of garments.
- Used for temporary stitching
- Appearance of face and back are different in clothes.
- Stitch can be easily unpick from last to first
- High seam stretching
- High seam strength
- Less mechanical stress on sewing thread
- High productivity to thread supply
- High thread consumption
- Seam-impressions on thin fabrics
- Seam opening at the event of skipped stitching.
In straight stitch needle is passed in and out of the fabric and specific distance other stitches are created by changing the straight stitch in length, spacing and direction. It is single and separate embroided stitch. It is also known as “flat stitch”.
- Join the seams of two fabrics.
- Mostly done as a decorative embellishment
- Used for quilt piecing
- As they are used to close two seams, so they are not visible
- Strongest stitch
- High seam stretching.
- Easy to handle
- Less decorative
- Less creative
It is used where straight stitch or others found incapable and in over its head. Two of those areas are fortifying the button holes and sewing stretch fabrics together. It looks like a pattern of zigzag. It temporarily joins two pieces of fabrics end-to-end.
- Finishes fabric edges
- Sew and Mend tears
- Sew button holes
- To Attach trims
- Join pieces of fabrics together
- It is decorative stitch
- Creative stitch
- Provide strength and durability
- Creates stretchy seams
- Easy to remove
- Loose stitches
- Puckered fabric
- Top thread breaking
- Deformed stitches
Back stitch is type of machine sewing stitch that mostly worked from left to right. The needle brings out a bit away from the beginning of line to be covered and then inserted again at the beginning to take a backward step. The needle rises from the point where it was first started.
- It is often used for outlying shapes
- Strongly attaches two pieces of fabric.
- Foundation o learn many complex stitches
- Use to sew strong seams by hand
- Easy to work
- Strongest among basic stitches
- Strengthens the seams
- Lots of thread consumption.
- Puckered fabric
It is an arrangement of flat stitches that are used to cover a section of background fabric completely. Satin stitch gives the appearance of “satin” (a smooth glossy fabric). It consists of rows of flat stitches arranged parallel.
- Often used for outline
- Attach appliqués to ground fabric
- Tightly spaced decorative stitch
- Used for monograms
- Gives a rich, glamorous presence
- Decorative and looks beautiful
- Smooth as satin fabric
- Expensive to carry out
- It is a bit difficult to stitch
- It requires proper attention
Which is the strongest sewing machine stitch?
The strongest sewing machine stitch is no doubt, the Straight Stitch. It is most durable and hard to tear. It is efficient and often uses less thread. Straight stitch is quite functional and practical.
The straight stitch is one of the sturdiest and strongest among all due to the layers of threads, forming a stringent series of arrangements that are tightly knitted to be a break. Taking of the straight stitches is almost equal to the damage or tear of the stitched fabric. In straight stitching, there are layers of threads on top of one another, which is enough to strengthen the stitch on the fabric. It is often combined with nylon and polyester thread for almost 100 percent result. It is the most popularly used type of stitch while forming garments by combining two or more pieces of fabric.
Hand Sewing Stitches
Hand stitching is a simple method of stitching hem, and clothes by hands. It technically requires more concentration than a sewing machine.
The five common types of hand sewing stitches are:
- The Running Stitch
- The Basting Stitch
- Cross Stitch
- Back Stitch
- Slip Stitch
It is the basic and most common hand embroidery stitch on which all other sewing stitches are based. While doing this stitch you simply have to move the needle along thread on fabrics in short regular and equal intervals.
Basting stitches are temporary long, easily removable, and loose stitches to hold the layers of fabric together until and unless final sewing is done. Also known as tacking stitch. These stitches are intended to be removed.
Cross stitch takes after a tiled design or pattern making it nearly forbearer to the digital pixels. Since it comprised of generally X-shaped, the overall design generally shows up geometric and boxy.
It is included both in the machine and hand-stitched. It is one of the strongest hand-sewing stitches that mostly worked from left to right. The needle brings out a bit away from the beginning of the line to be covered and then inserted again at the beginning to take a backward step. The needle rises from the point where it was first started.
It is a simple crochet stitch and is mostly used by knitters. It is an effective and easiest way to close seams. It is also called ladder stitch or invisible ladder stitch. They are generally used to move yarn over a bunch of stitches without including height.
Which is the strongest sewing stitch by hand?
The strongest sewing stitch by hand is Back Stitch. It most adaptable, strongest, and permanent stitch done by hands. It is popular due to its versatility, durability, and usability among most stitchers.
The backstitch is the strongest and toughest among all due to its similarity to a machine stitch when it is done by an expert tailor or stitcher. While doing backstitching you are constantly making double stitch and tensioning it at every forward movement. This is due to the movement of the needle a bit away back from the previous point and overshooting. Most of the stitchers prefer this stitch because it is permanent due to the creation of a knot among each stitch.
The straight stitch is strongest among machine sewing stitches while the backstitch is strongest among hand-sewing stitches. Both are durable, permanent, and hard to break. The strength of both stitches is the result of the overlapping of threads. Backstitch is the part of straight stitch. In fact, we can say that straight stitch surely emerged from backstitch.